English words are divided into different kinds or classes, which are called Parts of Speech, according to their use ; that is, according to the work they do in a sentence. They are eight in number:
Noun is a word used as the name of a person, place, or thing; all objects that we can see, hear, taste, touch, smell and even think are noun.
Modi is a great leader.
Delhi is a crowded city.
The sun rises in the east.
His courage won him honor.
Adjective is a word which is used to add something to the meaning of a noun-
He is an intelligent guy.
There are ten boys in this class.
Pronoun is a word used in place of a noun
Neha is absent, because she is ill.
The clothes are where you left them.
Verb is a word used to express an action or state
I wrote a letter to my cousin.
Delhi is a big city.
John and Rose are good friends.
Adverb – A word that used to add something to the meaning of a verb, adjective, or another adverb
Child is very beautiful.
Her voice was quite loud.
Preposition are words that show the relationship between a noun or a pronoun and some other words or element in the rest of the sentence
There is a cow in the garden.
The girl is fond of music.
A fair little girl sat under a tree.
Conjunction is a word used to join words or sentences
Rama and Hari are brothers.
I woke up early, but still got late for the school.
Interjection is a word which is used to expresses some sudden feeling,
Hurrahl We won the match.
Wow! she looks incredible.
Determiners (added in modern grammars as parts of speech) . Words like a, an, the, this, that, these, those, every, each, some, any, my, his, one, two, etc., which determine or limit the meaning of the nouns that follow.