Phrase Definition : 

Groups of related words that do not express a complete thought or contain a subject-verb combination are considered as Phrases in English sentences. They stand together as a conceptual unit and typically form a component of a clause.

Some example of different kind of Phrases are being given below:

Prepositional Phrases:
over the mountain
around the ground
across the river

Participial Phrases:
playing the game
running the show

Verb Phrases:
will be taken
is sleeping

Infinitive Phrases:
to tell
to cut etc.

Some other type of phrases in English grammar:

Absolute Phrase-

Absolute phrase pattern – Noun + Participle + Optional Modifier(s) and/or Object(s)

Absolute phrases are optional in sentences, which usually consist of a noun and a modifier that modifies this noun, NOT another noun in the sentence. Absolute phrase cannot contain a FINITE VERB and they can be eliminated without damaging the grammatical structure the sentence.

Absolute phrase example:

His determination stronger than ever, Harry resolved not to give up until he had achieved his goals.

His arms folded across his chest, Professor Roy warned the students about the cheating.

Our car having developed engine trouble, we stopped for the night at a motel.

My right eye is twitching for an hour, Shall I expect some good news coming?

Adjective Phrase or Adjectival Phrase:

An adjective phrase is a group of words that acts as an adjective in a sentence which is also known as adjectival phrase.
The adjective in an adjective phrase can be at the beginning, end, or in the middle.

Tina lost her dark brown briefcase
The show was not that good.
A women hotter than you still has to born.
The semester exams were unbelievably easy.
Dad said the cost of that toy car is way too high.
A pig covered in mud came in front of my car.
The night is getting scarier and scarier.

Adverbial Phrase:

A group of words that plays the role of an adverb in a sentence are Adverbial Phrases. An Adverb Phrase, like an Adverb, may also modify an Adjective or Adverb as:

Bravely – In a brave manner
Unwisely – In an unwise manner
Swiftly – In a swift manner
Beautifully – In a beautiful style.
Formerly – In former times
Soon – Before very long, or at an early date.
There – At that place.
Away – To another place.
Abroad – A foreign country.

Adverbial Phrase Example:

The dog ran with a great speed.
He spoke in a very rude manner.
He finished the work without any care.
No such medicines were known in those days.
You can buy this stuff in all places

Appositive Phrase:

An appositive phrase consists of an appositive and its modifiers. An appositive in a sentence renames a noun right beside it; which can be a short or long combination of words.

Appositive Phrase example:

Indian Batsman Sachin Tendulkar is said to be a legend of cricket.
Novel, Gone with the Wind won the Pulitzer Prize in 1937.
Scientist Stephen Hawking died in March 2018.
Holi, a festival of color is quite popular in North
The insect, a large cockroach, is crawling across the cooktop.

Verb Phrase:

Verb Phrase = an Auxiliary or Helping Verb + Main Verb

As mentioned above a verb phrase is made of – an auxiliary or helping verb and a main verb.
Example of helping verbs those usually together with main verb form Verb Phrase:
be,
is,
are,
was,
were,
being,
been,
have,
has,
had,
do,
does,
did,
can,
could,
will,
would,
shall,
should,
may,
might,
must.

Verb Phrase example in sentences:

John might need some help with his bike.
You can call me if you need any help with your work.
We both are going to attend Sarah birthday party.
You must work hard with the team to win the match.
You should take your shoes off before entering the temple.
We will distribute the script among all the participants.

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English Grammar | Parts of Speech | Noun | Pronoun | Adjectives | Verb | Adverb | Preposition | Conjunction | Interjection | Tenses | Phrases | Clauses |

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