Adjectives in English Grammar

Adjectives Definition:

A word used with a noun to describe or point out, the person, animal, places or thing which the noun names or to tell the number or quantity is called an Adjective.
Or we can say, a word used with a noun to add something for its meaning is called Adjective.

John is a clever boy (Girl of what kind ?)
I don’t like that this game. (Which game ?)
He gave me six mangoes. (How many mangoes ?)
There is little time for discussion. (How much time ?)

In above sentence ‘clever’ shows what kind of boy John is.
‘this’ points out which game is meant.
‘six’ shows how many mangoes he gave me.
‘little’ shows how much time there is for discussion.

Kinds of adjectives:

a. Descriptive adjectives or adjectives of quality
b. Quantitative adjectives or adjectives of quantity
c. Numeral adjectives or adjectives of number
i. Definite numeral adjectives
ii. Indefinite numeral adjectives
iii. Distributive numeral adjectives
d. Demonstrative adjectives
e. Interrogative adjectives
f. Possessive adjective
g. Exclamatory adjectives
h. Emphasizing adjectives

a. Descriptive adjectives or adjectives of quality:

It shows the kind of quality a person or thing has:
For example
Delhi is a big city.
You are a lazy guy.
This kid is so clever.

b. Quantitative adjectives or adjectives of quantity

It shows how much of a thing is meant.
For example:
I get some rice
He showed much patience.
Take great care of your health.
He lost all his wealth
you have had enough rest.

c. Numeral adjectives or adjectives of number:

It shows how many person or thing are meant or in what order a person or thing stands.
For example:
Our hand has five fingers.
There are no student in the classroom.
He has many cows in his farm.
Today’s first day of the month.
Most Indians like Cricket.

i. Definite numeral adjectives – one, two, three, first, second etc.
ii. Indefinite numeral adjectives – All, many, certain, few, several, any, some etc.
iii. Distributive numeral adjectives – Each, every, either, neither etc.

d. Demonstrative adjectives : 

Demonstrative adjectives answer the question – which? This adjective find out which person or thing is meant.
For example:
You are stronger than me.
I love such places.
This tree is so big.
Those buildings were built by her grandfather.

e. Interrogative adjectives

What, which and whose, when they are used with nouns to ask questions, are called interrogative adjectives.
For example:
Whose pen is this.
Which book are you reading.
What time it is?

f. Possessive adjective:

My, your, his, her, its, our, your, their etc when used before a noun in a sentence its called possessive adjective.

For example:
I missed my train.
She is my wife.
This is our house.
You forgot your purse at home.
The building on the corner is my office.

g. Exclamatory adjectives:

The word what is sometimes called exclamatory adjectives when used as:
What a genius!
What an idea!
What a beautiful flower!
What a game!

h. Emphasizing adjectives:

Word used to emphasize a noun is called emphasizing adjectives.

She had seen him by her own eyes.
Mind your own business.
He is his own master.
I arranged it by my own effort.

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