Conjunction in English grammar

What is a Conjunction:

Conjunctions link words or groups of words to other parts of the sentence and show the relationship between them.

The four basic type of conjunctions are:
a. Coordinating conjunctions
b. Correlative conjunctions
c. Subordinating conjunctions
d. Linking adverbs

Coordinating conjunctions:

It joins together two or more elements of equal rank. Main coordinating conjunctions are : and, or, nor, either, neither, also, but, for.
The elements joined by coordinating conjunctions can be single words—nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, pronouns—or phrases or

The camera and its lens were repaired. (nouns)
We called and called, but none of you answered. (verbs)
He is a sore but victorious player tonight. (adjectives)
You can have it done quickly or thoroughly. (adverbs)
She and I seldom agree on anything. (pronouns)
We can go over the river or through the woods. (prepositional phrases)
Did you know that he’s never eaten a hot dog, had a real root beer, nor played miniature golf? (verb phrases)
She went home last night and found the jury summons waiting for her. (clauses)

Correlative Conjunctions:
Conjunctions which are used in pairs, are called correlative conjunctions. They emphasize the elements being joined. Some of the most frequently used correlative conjunctions are as:
both . . . and; We both love and honor him
either . . . or; Either take it or leave it.
neither . . . nor; It is neither useful nor ornamental.
not only . . . but also; Not only is he foolish, but also stubborn.
Correlative conjunctions also join elements of equal rank. Make sure that the elements following each part of the construction are truly equal.

Subordinating Conjunctions:
Unlike the other conjunctions, subordinating conjunctions join elements of unequal rank in a sentence. A Subordinating
Conjunction joins a clause to another on which it depends for its full meaning.
Subordinating Conjunctions examples:
when – When I was a kid, I use to think so.
where – He found his wallet where he had left it.
while – Make hay while the sun shines.
after – After the match was over I left from my office.
because – He ran away because he was afraid.
as – As he was not there, I spoke to his mother.
if – You will succeed if you work hard.
that – Tell your dad that uncle will not come.
though – I finished first though I started late.
although – I missed the train although the driver drove quite fast.
till – Will you wait till they come?
until – He waited for my friend until he came.
before – Finish your breakfast before you leave for your office.
unless – He will not pay unless he is forced.

Linking Adverbs:
Linking adverbs are used to join two independent clauses, that is, clauses with a subject-verb combination that can stand alone.
It indicates the relationship between two ideas expressed in independent clauses. In general, linking adverbs reflect results, contrast, or continuation.

as a result


in addition

Linking adverbs can appear at the beginning of the second clause they are joining. In such cases, they are generally preceded by ” ; ” and followed by ” , “.
They also can stand within the second clause or sentence and often are set off by commas.

We reached late at night; however, no one complained.
I fail to see your point; furthermore, your entire argument is insignificant.
The strike delayed shipment; therefore, your order will not be sent on time.
The storm broke two speakers; the band, however, had spare ones in their van.


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.