Parts of Speech in English Grammar

English words are divided into different kinds or classes, which are called Parts of Speech, according to their use ; that is, according to the work they do in a sentence. They are eight in number:
1. noun

2. pronoun

3. adjective

4. verb

5. adverb

6. preposition

7. conjunction

8. interjection

Noun is a word used as the name of a person, place, or thing; all objects that we can see, hear, taste, touch, smell and even think are noun.

Modi is a great leader.

Delhi is a crowded city.

The sun rises in the east.

His courage won him honor.

Adjective is a word which is used to add something to the meaning of a noun-

He is an intelligent guy.

There are ten boys in this class.

Pronoun is a word used in place of a noun

Neha is absent, because she is ill.

The clothes are where you left them.

Verb is a word used to express an action or state

I wrote a letter to my cousin.

Delhi is a big city.

John and Rose are good friends.

Adverb – A word that used to add something to the meaning of a verb, adjective, or another adverb

Child is very beautiful.

Her voice was quite loud.

Preposition are words that show the relationship between a noun or a pronoun and some other words or element in the rest of the sentence

There is a cow in the garden.

The girl is fond of music.

A fair little girl sat under a tree.

Conjunction is a word used to join words or sentences

Rama and Hari are brothers.

I woke up early, but still got late for the school.

Interjection is a word which is used to expresses some sudden feeling,

Hurrahl We won the match.

Wow! she looks incredible.

Determiners (added in modern grammars as parts of speech) . Words like a, an, the, this, that, these, those, every, each, some, any, my, his, one, two, etc., which determine or limit the meaning of the nouns that follow.

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