Pronoun in English Grammar

What is a Pronoun?

Pronoun Definition : Pronoun is a word used instead of a Noun.

Look at the sentence below-

Geeta is absent, because Geeta is not well
It is better to avoid the repetition of the Noun Geeta, and say:
Geeta is absent, because she is not well
A word that is used in place of a noun is called a Pronoun.

Kinds of Pronoun:

  • Personal Pronoun
  • Reflexive Pronoun
  • Emphatic Pronoun
  • Demonstrative Pronoun
  • Indefinite Pronoun
  • Distributive Pronoun
  • Relative Pronoun
  • Interrogative Pronoun

Personal Pronoun :
I am glad.
We are glad.
You are glad.
They are glad.
He (she, it) is glad.
I, we, you, he, (she, it), they are called Personal Pronouns because they stand for the three persons,

i. the person speaking.
ii. the person spoken to, and
iii. the person spoken of.

The Pronouns I and we, which denote the person or persons speaking, are said to be Personal Pronouns of the First Person.

The Pronoun you, which denotes the person or persons spoken to, is said to be a Personal Pronoun of the Second Person.

The pronouns he (she) and they, which denote the person or persons spoken of, are said to be Personal Pronouns of the Third Person.

It, although it denotes the thing spoken of, is also called a Personal Pronoun of the Third Person.

Personal Pronoun Forms:

First Person
  Singular Plural
Nominative I we
Possessive my, mine our, ours
me us


Second Person
  Singular / Plural
Nominative You
Possessive Your, Yours
Accusative You


Third Person
  Singular   Plural
  Masculine Feminine Neuter All Genders
Nominative he she it they
Possessive his her, hers its their, theirs
Accusative him her it them


Reflexive Pronouns : When ‘self’ is added to my, your, him, her, it, and ‘selves’ to our, your, them, it makes Compound Personal Pronouns. These Compound Personal Pronouns are called Reflexive Pronouns when the action done by the subject turns back (reflects) upon the subject

I hurt myself.
We hurt ourselves.
You will hurt yourself.
You will hurt yourselves.
He hurt himself.
She hurt herself.
They hurt themselves.
The horse hurt itself.

Emphatic Pronouns : Same Compound Personal Pronouns are called Emphatic Pronouns when being used to show emphasis in a sentence.
I will do it myself.
I myself saw him do it.
We will see to it ourselves.
You yourself can best explain.
He himself said so.
The town itself is not very large.
They themselves admitted their it.

Demonstrative Pronouns : Pronouns when used to point out the objects to which they refer to, its called Demonstrative Pronouns. For example-

These books are mine.
What was that voice?
The climate of Agra is like that of Delhi.
This is a present from my uncle.
Bihar mangoes are better than those of Bangalore.
I may have offended, but such was not my intention.
He was the representative of the King, and as such they honored him.
That is the Red Fort.

Indefinite Pronouns : Pronouns when refer to persons or things in a general way but in particular. then it is called Indefinite Pronouns. Look at the examples given below:

None of his poems are well known.
Some are born great.
Nobody was there to rescue the puppy.
Do good to others.
I will take you there one day.
Anybody can do it if they try.

Distributive Pronouns : When pronouns refer to persons or things one at a time. it’s called Distributive Pronouns.
For example:
Each of the student gets a prize.
Each took it in turn.
Either of these roads leads to his town.
Either of you can go.

Relative Pronoun : A pronoun when connect two statements it’s called relative pronoun. We may call it conjunctive pronoun however it’s called relative pronoun as it refers or relates to some noun going before which is called Antecedent.
Look at the examples below:
I met Harry. Harry just had return.
I have found pen. I lost the bell
Here is the book. You lend me the book.
Let’s combine the above written sentences:
-I met Harry who had just returned.
-I have found pen which I lost.
-Here is the book that you lent me.

Interrogative Pronoun : Pronouns which are for asking questions are called Interrogative Pronoun.
Who is there ?
Who are you ?
About whom are you talking?
Who are you talking about?
Whom do you want HWho do you want?
Whose is this book ?
Which is the house ?
Which do you prefer, tea or coffee ?
What is the matter ?
What do you want ?

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