Tense Chart & Rules to form Sentences

Tense Chart & Rules:

Within a sentence, to use correct form of verb with subject & objects it’s important for us to understand the the tense rules properly.
Check out the chart given below which tells how subject & verb has to be there in a sentence based on the tense:

Tense Rules Affirmative / Negative / Questions
Simple present Subject+1st Verb +Object John speaks
1st Verb+ s/es (He, She, It, Names, Singular noun) John does not speak.
1st Verb (I, We, They, You, Plural Noun) Does John speak?
You speak
He speaks
I speak
They speak
We speak
Present Continuous Subject +is/am/are+1st Verb+ing+Object John is speaking.
Is – (He, She, It, any Name, Singular noun) John is not speaking?
Am – I Is John speaking?
Are – (We, They, You, Plural Noun)
He is reading.
She is talking.
I am singing.
You are eating.
Present Perfect Subject +Has/Have+3rd Verb+ Object John has spoken.
Has – (He ,She ,it ,any Name ,Singular noun) John has not spoken.
Have – (I, We, They, You, Plural Noun) Has John spoken?
He has spoken.
You have spoken.
They have spoken.
We have spoken.
I have spoken.
Present Perfect Continuous Subject + have/has+been+1st verb+ Ing+ Object John has been speaking.
Has – (He, She ,It ,any Name, Singular noun) John has not been speaking.
Have – (I, We, They, You, Plural Noun) Has John been speaking?
He has been speaking.
You have been speaking.
I have been speaking.
They have been speaking.
We have been speaking.
Simple Past Subject+2nd Verb +Object John spoke.
He spoke. John did not speak.
I spoke. Did John speak?
You spoke.
They spoke.
We spoke.
Past Continuous Subject +was/were+1st Verb+ ing+ Object John was speaking.
Was – (I, He, She, It, any Name, Singular noun) John was not speaking?
Were – (We, They, You, Plural Noun) Was John speaking?
He was speaking
You were speaking
I was speaking
They were speaking
We were speaking
Past Perfect Subject+ Had+3rd Verb+ Object John had spoken.
He had spoken John had not spoken.
You had spoken Had John spoken?
I had spoken
They had spoken
We had spoken
Past Perfect Continuous Subject+ had+been+1st verb+ ing+ Object John had been speaking.
He had been speaking John had not been speaking.
You had been speaking Had John been speaking?
I had been speaking
They had been speaking
We had been speaking
Simple Future Subject +will /shall+1st Verb+ Object John will speak.
He will speak John will not speak.
You will speak Will John speak?
I shall/will speak
They will speak
We shall/will speak
Future Continuous Subject+ will/shall+be+1st Verb+ ing+ Object John will be speaking.
He will be speaking John will not be speaking.
You will be speaking Will John be speaking?
I shall/will be speaking
They will be speaking
We shall/will be speaking
Future Perfect Subject+ will/shall+ have +3rd Verb + Object John will have spoken.
He will have spoken. John will not have spoken.
You will have spoken. Will John be spoken?
I shall/will have spoken.
They will have spoken.
We shall/will have spoken.
Future Perfect Continuous Subject+ will +have+ been+1st verb +ing+ Object John will have been speaking.
He will have been speaking. John will not have been speaking.
You will have been speaking. Will John have been speaking?
I shall/will have been speaking.
They will have been speaking.
We will have been speaking.
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