Verb in English Grammar

Verb Definition:

A Verb is a word that tells about a person or thing in a sentence. Without a verb it’s almost impossible to make a meaningful sentence. A Verb tells us what a person or thing does; What is done to a person or thing; What a person or thing is.
For example:
Kid laughs very beautifully.
Hari is scolded.
The door is broken.
The dog is dead.
This pot is brittle.
I feel hungry.

Transitive Verb & Intransitive Verb:

Transitive Verb Definition:
A Verb that denotes an action which passes over from the Subject to an Object.

Intransitive Verb:
A Verb that denotes an action which does not pass over to an object

The boy throws the football. (Example of Transitive Verb)
The boy runs fast. (Example of Intransitive Verb)

In above example the verb Throw passes from boy to football. The verb Throw is therefore called Transitive Verb. (Transitive means passing over.)

In second sentence, the action denoted by the verb Runs stops with the doer / Subject boy and does not pass over to an object.

Most of the verbs can be as Transitive & Intransitive both; it depends upon how has it been used within a sentence:

Used Transitively Used Intransitively
The ants fought the wasps. Some ants fight very fiercely.
The shot sank the ship. The ship sank rapidly.
Ring the bell, Rama. The bell rang loudly.
The driver stopped the train. The train stopped suddenly.
He spoke the truth. He spoke haughtily.
The horse kicked the man. This horse never kicks.
I feel a severe pain in my arm. How do you feel ?

Linking Verbs:
Verbs that denote a state of condition are called linking verbs. These verbs link the subject with a noun, pronoun, or adjective that
describes or identifies it. For example:

You look (seem) sleepy.
You look (seem) calm enough—are you?
She felt (seemed) ill at ease in the doctor’s office.

Common linking verb is ‘be’ and its forms: am, is, are, was, were,being, and been.
A few other common linking verbs are given below-
Taste etc.

Auxiliary Verbs or Helping Verbs:

Auxiliary verbs are among the most frequently occurring verbs in the English language. These are used together with a main verb to show the verb’s tense or to form a negative or question as they function in several different ways within a sentence.

Auxiliary Auxiliary + Main Verb
will/shall I will tell them to take the furniture away.
Shall we buy the stuffed moose?
can/could He can operate in the morning.
The patient could come home in a week.
has/have The jury has rendered a verdict.
The defendants have heard the sentence.
do/did I do remember you.
We did meet last week
is/are The satellite is boosting the signal.
They are receiving it in Hawaii.
must/ought They must report any suspicious activity.
She ought to call the security guard.
should/would The flight should land in New Jersey.
We would like to arrive in New York.
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